Swarm Hotline: 360.515.1068
In spring of 2016, two honey bee hives were installed on the grounds of the Governor’s mansion in Olympia. Both hives began collecting pollen and nectar from local blossoms, carrying it back to their new “homes.” As the Olympia Beekeepers Association project team continued to check on their progress, one of the hives demonstrated signs of a problem with its queen.
For a honey bee colony to thrive, the queen must lay at least 1,000 eggs per day during the spring and summer months. The queen was not producing enough eggs and hive failure was inevitable without intervention.
Introducing a new queen to a bee colony can be tricky. The existing bees are used to their original queen’s pheromone, or signature scent. If the existing bees do not accept the new queen, she will be killed and the colony will collapse. Despite using techniques to ensure the new queen’s success, it took multiple trials to get the failing hive back on track.
Both hives continued to bring in nectar and create honey throughout the summer months, the bees’ winter survival food. The team was hopeful that the bees had built up their population enough to make it through the winter. Both colonies had also been treated for varroa mites - an external parasite that attacks honey bees. Monitoring for the hives showed the treatment had been successful.
Monitoring and results
In late December, an opportunity to peek into the hives to observe activity level and food supply presented itself. In the mansion hives, plenty of honey was observed but sadly, no sign of bee life.
Beekeepers monitor hives to troubleshoot and intervene when conditions require assistance to ensure the bees’ survival. These hives were carefully monitored and supported since their installation. A single cause of failure could not be identified.
The cause was likely a combination of factors, such as: difficulty finding suitable plants for foraging (particularly when conditions get hot and dry and food sources are limited); pesticide or herbicide exposure or nectar, pollen or water that had been contaminated with pesticides; or some other unknown factor.
Hive survival trends
Many other beekeepers are observing similar fates to their hives. While the colony loss numbers for 2016-17 are still forthcoming, beekeepers across the United States lost 44 percent of their colonies in 2015-16. The Olympia Beekeepers Association losses were at 48 percent in the same time frame.
Honey bee colony loss is no longer just a beekeeper’s problem. Washington State has a vibrant and vital agricultural economy. Honey bee and pollinator losses, should they continue at these high levels, will have an impact on our agricultural economy. This impact could potentially affect the cost and variety of food that is produced.
Two new honey bee colonies were installed at the Governor’s Mansion on April 21. Working in collaboration with the Governor and Mrs. Inslee and the Department of Enterprise Services, the Olympia Beekeepers Association will monitor the hives throughout the coming months. The public is encouraged to support a healthy environment to help the bees thrive.
Honey bees are interested in pollen and nectar, and not people. You are not likely to get stung by a honey bee unless you step on it, threaten its home or swat at it. Honey bees forage for their food as they look for flowers and weeds (like dandelion and clover) within a four-mile radius from their hive location.
What you can do
People who live on or manage property near the Capitol Campus can avoid spraying nearby plants with pesticide or herbicide. Doing so can be problematic because one honey bee can sip the nectar of a hundred flowers on a single foraging trip, carrying a toxic load back to its hive. Considering there are tens of thousands of bees in each hive, this can produce both long and short-term toxicity and destroy the entire colony. Pesticide exposure can also kill bees outright.
You can choose to be bee-friendly by planting things like various herbs and flowers, growing fruit trees and berries, letting the dandelions and clover grow in your lawn, naturalizing with native plants, and replacing noxious weeds with plants suitable for bees. Their survival in the long-term is a problem we all need to have a hand in turning around.
Secretary’s Report Olympia Beekeepers Association Meeting March 13, 2017
Meeting called to order at 7:05 p.m.
Treasurers report: 13.08 cash, $4,569.25 in savings, and $3,205.36 in checking. Minutes from February meeting approved.
A few members report they are still not getting club emails. Nathan suggests subscribing through website, and to check spam folders as well.
Hands on Children Museum is hoping to have us there over spring break, and beyond. If weather is nice, bring observation hive. Set up table with outreach materials. Interact with kids and their families. Need volunteers - 2 offered at meeting, will probably need more!
Another reminder about upcoming event sponsored by WSU. Held in Seattle at the Moore Theater on March 29th, for more information and registration details go to http://bees.wsu.edu/seattle/. Paul Stamets and Louie Schwartzberger will be speaking on "Mushrooms and the Mycology of Consciousness: Helping Bees, Trees, People and Planet." Ticket sales go to honeybee research, $25 plus tax/fees. Also, Portland Beekeepers are bringing Michael Fields for a talk this Saturday the 18th.
Paul, Mechele, and Laurie went to the inaugural beekeeping summit sponsored by the Sustainability in Prisons Project. (Besides beekeeping, they also have programs involving native butterflies, frogs, and the prairies.) Great program we are proud to support.
Package bees now for sale for club members. Packages will be arriving on April 19th, and pickup will be on April 20th. Now is the time to get the hive ready!
If you'd like to see how a package install works, will be installing 2 packages in hives at the pickup location at around 3pm. Order your packages by the end of the month!
Elections will take place at next month's meeting. All positions up for election, including President. Laurie will be taking next year off - thank you for all you've done for the club the last few years! Treasurer and Membership Chair are willing to serve again next year, Secretary position open. Mark Emrich nominated from the floor for president.
Membership Chair Duane McBride - we currently have about 156 paid members, dozen more tonight.
Mentor Chairs Roger and Kitty - Could still use a few more mentors - the list they have is from 2013.
Education Chair Bob Smith - Handed out certificates for our new apprentice beekeepers. Congratulations everyone! Also, if anyone else would be interested in teaching the beginner class, he would be happy to hand it over. We were also pleased to present Bob Smith with honorary Master Beekeeper certification from The WA State Master Beekeepers.
Native Pollinator Glenn - Native Pollinators group meets the last Monday in April at Traditions Cafe, 7pm. No program yet for this month. He brought mason bee cocoons for sale, and will also be selling them at Eastside Urban Farm and Garden.
Misc: Dixon reminding us all to start getting those honey jars ready now for the county fair. You'll need 3 queenline jars.
Walter brought a pollen trap for show and tell that he built. Good weekend project for any woodworkers out there.
The sustainability group that has been meeting at the same time as the apprentice class is wondering about how they should organize. Part of OBA, their own group?
If you would like to be on the swarm list, let us know. Phone number is 360-515-1068. When you're available, your approximate location, and how high you're willing to go.
Break, then Charles Schaffer speaker. He discussed packages and where they come from, mite treatment, etc.
Meeting adjourned at 9:00 pm.
Survivorship Survey - by Dewey M. Caron
Last year, 271 OR/WA backyarder beekeepers returned April surveys on overwintering colony losses/survivorship, and management such as colony feeding, sanitation and Varroa control efforts. The results for WA beekeepers are posted on the website: http://pnwhoneybeesurvey.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/2016-LeCBA-and-WA-Report.pdf
There were 52 WA respondents included in the WA report
Colony loss levels from all WA respondents were 40% for 8-frame and 59% for 10-frame Langstroth hive beekeepers, 100% for 5-frame nucs and 97% for top bar hives. For 5 Pierce Co respondents, overall losses were 75%, and 47% for 25 Lewis Co beekeepers; from the 52 total Washington beekeeper respondents, the loss level was 60%. With only 52 total responses I DO NOT think it is representative of the survivorship of Washington beekeepers.
The electronic survey will be open March 28th and continue through end of April. It should take no more than 5-7 minutes to complete. Information requested will be very similar so I can compare last year with the current one, but I have trimmed the survey so it is shorter with fewer questions. If you would like to review the inquiries in preparation for the survey, please locate the “2016 PNWals-prep” pdf download available on the website blog page or by simple Google search.
While the main emphasis of the survey revolves around reporting how many colonies you had last fall compared to this spring, which we assess through hive location, hive types and originations (meaning were they overwintered colonies, nucs or packages purchased, swarms or splits), other survey questions sometimes open up more questions than provide answers. Last year, for example, beekeepers doing several wintering preparations improved survival, but feeding or use of the sanitation alternatives we listed did not result in better survivorship, at least not directly. Those beekeepers using sugar shake or mite drop boards to monitor mite buildup had fewer overwintering losses, while beekeepers using other sampling methods did not. Non-chemical treatments did not, directly, improve survivorship, at least for our survey respondents; use of Apivar, essential oil or formic acid significantly improved survivorship
The BeeInformed survey is also conducted in April each year. I ask that you continue to participate in this national survey as well. Although funding is now in the last year of this effort, we are hoping to continue what is now a 10-year record of overwinter loss/survivorship. Our BIP report from last year is posted on the pnwhoneybeesurvey site and I include comparisons to losses in Canada and Europe. Access the BIP survey at: www.beeinformed.org (it is available in April only)
THANK YOU FOR SHARING THIS PAST SEASON. Please consider completing a survey for the 2016-2017 season this April. I am hopeful that there might be a larger County beekeeper response so I can provide additional Association reports.
The Association is often asked for sources of queens. Here is a partial list. You can always ask if someone in the association is breeding any too.
Sam Comfort - Northern NY